This is a glossary of commonly used words or phrases on EverbodysFedNobodysDead.com. Most glossary items are related to mental health.
BABY BLUES: A short-term depression right after childbirth.
The baby blues is considered a mild depression that only lasts a few weeks at most, and according to AmericanPregnancy.org, it can affect up to 80% of new moms. It’s characterized by sadness and crying, mood swings, irritability, and fatigue. The baby blues are assumed to be a result of the drastic hormone adjustment from giving birth. Most doctors will not offer treatment for the baby blues until two weeks have passed. Plenty of sleep, asking for help, and maintaining a healthy diet can help symptoms go away more quickly.
BIPOLAR II: A mental condition characterized by extreme mood swings.
Bipolar II is not a milder form of bipolar I, but a separate condition identified by levels and lengths of mania and depressive episodes. These highs and lows can cause irrational or reckless behavior, impaired judgment, sleep issues, and extreme depression that could trigger thoughts of self-harm. Bipolar disorders need a formal diagnosis, and there are many treatments options available, such as mood stabilizers and antidepressants. For more information, visit MedicalNewsToday.com and MayoClinic.org.
FIBROMYALGIA: A neurological health condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain.
According to Rheumatology.org, “fibromyalgia is not from an autoimmune, inflammation, joint, or muscle disorder.” Its causes are unknown, though factors such as genetics, physical or emotional trauma, or other illnesses can play a part in triggering it. The pain that fibromyalgia causes can affect all areas of life, making sleep, work, exercise, and many daily activities excruciating. Though not currently curable, there are treatments available for those suffering from pain. Visit MayoClinic.org for more information, or talk to your doctor.
MISCARRIAGE: A type of pregnancy loss that occurs within the first 20 weeks of gestation.
The most common form of pregnancy loss, the causes of miscarriages are often unknown and difficult to identify. Miscarriages occur in 10-25% of all recognized pregnancies, with the majority of losses happening in the first 13 weeks. Symptoms include cramping, contractions, and bleeding. Visit AmericanPregnancy.org for more information and resources.
PERINATAL OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER: A form of obsessive-compulsive disorder that can present during pregnancy or postpartum.
According to Postpartum.net, “Postpartum Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is the most misunderstood and misdiagnosed of the perinatal disorders.” Symptoms include obsessions, disturbing and obtrusive thoughts, compulsions, and extreme fear of any harm befalling infant. A mother could have an over-attachment to the child or be highly concerned with health and development. Treatments often include medication or counseling, specifically cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). More information can be found HERE.
POSTPARTUM ANXIETY: A form of anxiety during pregnancy or after childbirth, also called PPA.
Often misdiagnosed as postpartum depression (and very similar to Perinatal OCD), postpartum anxiety can be experienced with PPD or alone’ It is characterized by symptoms such as disturbed sleep, constant worry, inability to sit still, and irritability. Treatment is similar to that of postpartum depression. Parents.com says “If you’re feeling overwhelmed with worry, tell your ob-gyn or pediatrician and ask for a referral to a therapist who has experience with perinatal mood disorders or a psychologist who specializes in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).”
POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION: A form of depression following childbirth, also called PPD.
According to WebMD, “This is a severe form of clinical depression related to pregnancy and childbirth.” Moms with postpartum depression experience anxiety, extreme sadness, exhaustion, lack of interest in activities, and feelings of isolation or anger. Lack of sleep and hormone changes, as well as a past history of depression, can all play a part in causing PPD. Treatments could include changing diet and exercise, medication, or therapy. Treatments should always be discussed with a medical professional. Find more information and help HERE and HERE.
POSTPARTUM PSYCHCOSIS: A more severe form of postpartum depression.
According to WebMD, “This rare and serious form of mental illness can happen with postpartum depression. Symptoms often begin during the first 2 weeks after your baby is born, and are more severe than those for postpartum depression.” Symptoms can include hallucinations, hyperactivity, severe mood swings, and paranoia. Postpartum psychosis is temporary and treatable with medical help but is considered a medical emergency. If you suspect you are suffering from this illness, please contact 911 or go to the emergency room. Find more information and help HERE.